An estate of more than 500 acres, Andalusia is composed of gently rolling hills divided into a farm complex, hayfields, pasture, man-made and natural ponds, and forests. Tobler Creek, a spring-fed waterway, intersects the property, entering near the west corner and meandering down to exit at the middle of the southeast boundary.
The farm complex, comprising roughly 21 acres of the property, consists of the main house, where Flannery O’Connor and her mother lived and where the author wrote all her published work, as well as a peafowl aviary, the newly opened tenant farmer house and cow barn, an equipment shed, the milk-processing shed, an additional smaller barn, a parking garage (also called the Nail House), a water tower, a small storage house (formerly a well house), a horse stable, a pump house, and three tenant houses.
Andalusia is more than just an author’s home; it is a place that attracts the interests of diverse groups of people. For historians and archaeologists, this is a place where Europeans and Native Americans intersected and developed trade agreements. Tobler Creek, which runs through the property, has been documented as one of the “rum-running” creeks in this area going back to the eighteenth century.
The history of the farm itself provides insight into agrarian trends and patterns in Georgia. The property has an abundance of wildlife: white-tailed deer, wild turkey, red-tailed hawks, beaver, raccoons, foxes, aquatic birds, and a whole host of reptiles and amphibians. There is also an interesting range of ecosystems, from marshes and bogs to beautiful hardwood clearings. Excluding wetland areas and the acreage detailed above, the remainder of the property consists of timberland.